Salerno's Classroom Celebrates America!
US Government Chapter 3
AP Government Summer Assignment
AP Chapters 1,2
AP Chapter 3
AP Chapter 4
AP Chapter 5
AP Chapter 6
AP Chapter 7
AP Chapter 8
AP Chapter 9
AP Chapter 10
AP Chapter 11
AP Chapter 12
AP Chapter 13
AP Chapter 14
AP Chapter 15
AP Chapter 16
U.S. History Chapters 1, 2, 3
U.S. History Chapter 4
U.S. History Chapter 5
U.S. History Chapter 6
U.S. History Chapter 7
U.S. History Chapter 8
U.S. History Chapter 9
U.S. History Chapter 10
U.S. History Chapter 11
U.S. History Chapter 12
U.S. History Chapter 13
U.S. History Chapter 14
U.S. History Chapters 16,17,18
U.S. History Chapters 19,20,21
U.S. History Chapters 22,23
U.S. History Chapters 24,25
U.S. History Chapters 26,27
U.S. History Chapters 28,29,30
U.S. History Chapter 31
U.S. History Chapter 32
U.S. History Chapter 33
US Government Chapters 1,2
US Government Chapter 3
US Government Chapters 10,11,12
US Government Chapters 13,14
US Government Chapter 18
US Govt Chapters 19,20,21
Remembering 9/11/01
The Civil Rights Movement
Economics Chapters 1,2,3
Eco Chapt 9
Eco Chapters 6,7,8
Eco Chapt 13
Eco Chapter 15
Eco Chapt 21

Enter subhead content here

Enter content here


Chapter 3


Read the Preamble to the Constitution


The Six Basic Principles of the

U.S. Constitution


1) Popular Sovereignty

2) Limited Government

3) Separation of Powers

4) Checks and Balances

5) Judicial Review

6) Federalism



Powers Delegated or Expressed for the National Government are spelled out in the Constitution. Eg found in Article I

"Congress has the power to tax and to regulate trade".


The National Government has power Implied through interpretation of the Constitution. Eg the Elastic Clause


Powers that are not granted to the Federal Government are Reserved for the States. Eg License Fees



Powers that are held by both are called Concurrent Powers. Eg the building of roads, taxes, courts.


Inherent Powers are retained by the National Government in a world community. Eg A Treaty, acknowledgement of a country.




Article I - The Legislative Branch

Article II - The Executive Branch

Article III- The Judicial Branch


Article IV - The States and the    Federal Government


Article V - Method of Amendment


Article VI - General Provisions


Article VII - The Ratification of the               Constitution

Amendments - Bill of Rights





Article V         


Formally Amending the Constitution


First Method


Proposal: 2/3 Vote in each house

Ratification: 3/4 State legislatures (38 states today) 26 Amendments were adopted this way.


Second Method


Proposal: by Congress

Ratification:  by Conventions in 3/4

of the States. Reason : Public Opinion Eg The 21st Amendment (repeal Prohibition)


Third Method


Proposal: by a National Convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 state legislatures.

Has never happened but an attempt was made at passing a Balanced Budget Amendment between 1975-89.  32 states asked for a convention to propose the Amendment requiring the Budget Amendment.  34 are needed.



Fourth Method


Proposed at National Convention and Ratified by 3/4 of the states legislatures. The Constitution was adopted this way.








The Amendments


1-10           Bill 0f Rights


13,14,15th     Civil War Amendments


15,19,23,24,26 Suffrage


20,22,25       Presidency




Informally Amending the Constitution


1. Basic Legislation

2. Executive Action

3. Court Decisions

4. Party Practice

5. Custom